Bhai Dooj, Bhaubeej, Bhai Tika, Bhai Phonta is a celebration celebrated by Hindus on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha (brilliant fortnight) in the Vikram Samvat Hindu schedule or of Shalivahan Shaka schedule month of Kartika. It is praised during the Diwali or Tihar celebration and Holi celebration.
The festivals of this day are like the celebration of Raksha Bandhan. On this day, siblings offer endowments to their sisters. In the southern piece of the nation, the day is praised as Yama Dwitiya.
In the Kayastha people group, two Bhai doojs are commended. The more celebrated one goes ahead the second day after Diwali. Yet, the lesser realized one is commended a day or two after Holi.
In Haryana, fundamentally, a unique custom additionally pursued, a dry coconut (named as gola in territorial language) with klewa tied along its width for venerating is likewise utilized at the hour of doing aarti of your sibling.
The celebration is known as:
- Bhai Dooj in whole Northern piece of India saw during the Diwali celebration. This is likewise the second day of the Vikrami Samvat New Year, the schedule followed in Northern India (counting Kashmir), which starts from the lunar month of Kartika. It is broadly celebrated by Awadhis in Uttar Pradesh, Maithils in Bihar as Bhardutiya and individuals from different other ethnic gatherings. The main day of this New Year is seen as Govardhan Puja.
- Bhai Tika in Nepal, where it is the most significant celebration after Dashain (Vijaya Dashmi/Dussehra). Seen on the fifth day of Tihar celebration, it is broadly celebrated by the Khas individuals.
- Bhai Phonta in Bengal and it happens each year on the second day after Kali Puja.
- Bhau Beej, or Bhav Bij or Bhai Beej among the Marathi, Gujarati and Konkani-talking networks in the conditions of Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Karnataka.
- Another name for the day is Yamadwitheya or Yamadvitiya, after an amazing gathering between Yama the divine force of Death and his sister Yamuna (the acclaimed stream) on Dwitheya (the second day after new moon).
- Other names incorporate Bhatru Dviteeya, or Bhatri Ditya or Bhaghini Hastha Bhojanamu in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
As per a mainstream legend in Hindu folklore, subsequent to killing the malevolent evil presence Narakasura, Master Krishna visited his sister Subhadra who gave him a warm welcome with desserts and blooms. She likewise lovingly applied tilaka on Krishna's temple. Some accept this to be the starting point of the celebration.
Upon the arrival of the celebration, sisters welcome their siblings for a rich dinner regularly including their preferred dishes/desserts. The strategy might be diverse in Bihar and focal India. The entire function connotes the obligation of a sibling to ensure his sister, just as a sister's gifts for her sibling.
Conveying forward the service in conventional style, sisters perform aarti for their sibling and apply a red tika on the sibling's temple. This tika function on the event of Bhai Bij connotes the sister's sincerest supplications for the long and glad existence of her sibling and treat them with endowments. Consequently, siblings favour their sisters and may treat them likewise with blessings or money.
As it is standard in Haryana, Maharashtra to commend the propitious event of Bhau-beej, ladies who don't have a sibling venerate the moon god. They apply Mehendi on young ladies as their convention.
The sister whose sibling lives far away from her and can't go to her home sends her sincerest supplications for the long and upbeat existence of her sibling through the moon god. She performs aarti for the moon. This is the motivation behind why offspring of Hindu guardians warmly call the moon Chandamama (Chanda means moon and mom means mother's sibling).
Bhai Phonta in West Bengal is praised with a lot of wonders. The service is set apart with numerous ceremonies alongside an amazing banquet masterminded the brothers. It is fundamental that, both sibling and sister are over 5 years old.
The celebration of Bhai Bij is well known in Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Goa and is commended with incredible enthusiasm and joy. Siblings and sisters anticipate the event with colossal eagerness. To add appeal to the event, Bhai Bij endowments are given to siblings from sisters as a token of affection and appreciation.
Bhav Bij is a period for family gatherings as all siblings and sisters in the family get together. Close family members and companions are likewise welcomed to commend the Bhav Bij in numerous families.
Extraordinary dishes for the celebration incorporate the Maharashtra sweet called basundi poori or kheerni poori. On this event, sisters offer endowments to their siblings.
Bhaitika in Nepal is otherwise called Bhaitihar meaning Tihar (celebration) of siblings. On this day, sisters petition Yamraj for long life and flourishing for their siblings. The custom includes sisters denoting the temple of their siblings with a seven-shaded long tika. The remainder of the custom is like that performed by Hindus somewhere else.
Rachel Fell McDermott, Educator of Asian Examinations at Columbia College, depicts Rabindranath Tagore's rakhi-Bandhan functions, roused by the Bhai Dooj custom, which were composed to fight the 1905 Parcel of Bengal.
In 1905 Rabindranath Tagore expanded the imagery of Sibling's Second, a custom of holding among siblings and sisters that is praised directly after the Pujas have finished up, to inspire fellowship among Hindus and Muslims: individuals from the two networks would tie red strings of the fraternity on each other's' wrists.
All through the parcel time frame, these rakhi-Bandhan services were routinely reported in the Bengali and English papers. Likewise, a few proprietors, even the English Indian Affiliation, saw that the blacklist and accentuation upon swadeshi things were upsetting harmony with provincial Muslims in their territories, and pulled back their help.